Triops already lived 220 million years ago and are thus the oldest still living animal species

What water should I use?

Destilliertes Wasser
It can be summed up as follows:

For breeding soft water like distilled water, clean rainwater (not from the city and not the rain after a long drying period), Volvic - mineral water without carbonic acid, or soft tap water. A mix of 70% distilled water and 30% mineral water have also proved their worth.

In the main pool only care must be taken that the water is clean and no pollutants are contained. Otherwise, each tap water should be suitable.

But it should not deviate too much from the water levels in the breeding pool, as otherwise the change takes more time and the triops are subjected to unnecessary stress.

Detailed information on water:

The topic about the right water for triop breeding is a much debated, where the opinions are often also very different.
First, however, one must distinguish between the water in the breeding pool and the one in the main pool where the triops are later to be used.
The most important is the water in the breeding pool, that is, where the triops hatch from their livelihoods and have to overcome the delicate first days.

Let us first take a look at how the triops hatch there.
The eggs are buried in the sand or in the ground and when it rains now and a puddle or a flooding area is formed, the eggs are encouraged to slip.
So it becomes clear that we need something similar to rainwater.

Rainwater has almost no ingredients, such as salts, and therefore has no total hardness or carbonate hardness. The PH value is usually slightly acid, as CO2 is absorbed from the air and carbon dioxide is produced (but we do not have to be interested).

In the first days after the great rain these values ​​remain so similar.
In the course of time, however, the minerals (salts) dissolve from the soil and the water in which the triops live becomes ever harder.
So now we know that a very soft and nutrient-poor water should be used in the breeding pool.
In addition, it is now understandable why one does not have to pay attention to the hardness of the water for the main pool for the larger triops.

Breeding pools:

Many use recycled tap water and others swear by still mineral water, distilled water or the perfect blend of these two or other liquids.

Fact is: with most of these water it works.

You just have to consider a few basic rules:

1. The water must not be too hard, that is, if you want to use tap water, the total hardness and the carbonate hardness should not be too high (so little lime should have your water). I would not exceed a total hardness of more than 5 GdH (grade of German hardness).

2. Never include nitrite / nitrate, ammonia, copper or other pollutants. Also, too much phosphate, e.g. In the decomposition of insects or food in water is not good. The breeding tank should therefore be thoroughly washed out before use, in order to wash contaminants or detergents. Never use water with detergents. Only bare water for washing out! Salt must not get into the pool! Mineral water with carbonic acid is deadly for triops, as much too sour! It must not be smoked in the room where the triopos are placed and held!

3. In the breeding pool, there should be no equipment and a filter should be dispensed with, since it can suck the small larvae. In addition to the sand, which is in the approach, sand must be dispensed with completely in the rearing pool, since the risk of too much suspended matter and pollutants is too great.

4. In the first 2 - 3 days, it is not allowed to feed, since the small nauplies can not eat a solid feed and the food in the pool would be collapsed and the water in the small breeding pool can quickly "turn".

5. If the water starts to stink or becomes cloudy and there are food residues on the soil, immediately change the water and suck up feed residues.

I personally recommend as approach water:

  •     Distilled water from the hardware store or drugstore
  •     Rainwater if it does not come from a big city and not from the first rain in a long time, because it contained too many pollutants from industry and cars ....
  •     Desalted water, which has passed through an osmosis system. This one gets possibly also in the pet shop.
  •     Soft tap water

You can boil these water before you use it for safety.

In addition, one could still provide it with water conditioner, which in my opinion is not necessary. However, it is recommended for tap water.

Main pool:

As mentioned above, one does not have to pay attention to the water values such as total hardness, carbonate hardness and PH value in the main pool.

However, nitrite / nitrate, ammonia and other pollutants must also be strongly respected.

A high oxygen content and a low CO2 content are very advantageous.

Oxygen needs the triops to breathe. CO2 is usually caused by the rotting of old food or by overpopulation in the basin. The more CO2 in the pool, the less oxygen is available to the triops.

In order to increase the oxygen content, membrane pumps that use air to pump the water.

However, a too high CO2 content is usually an indication of too much nutrients in the pelvis, such as droppings of the triops or fumed food. So a water change has to be done very quickly.

Gh: 2 - 18 gdh

Kh: 2-18

Ph: 6-9

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